Clinics (Sao Paulo). 2017 May; 72(5): 294-304.

Copyright © 2017 CLINICS

Risk factors for the prognosis of pediatric medulloblastoma: a retrospective analysis of 40 cases

Jianzhong Yu I , Rui Zhao II , Wei Shi I * , Hao Li I *

Department of Neurosurgery, Children’s Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, China

Children’s Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, China

*Corresponding authors. E-mail: /

received November 28, 2016; revised December 30, 2016; accepted February 24, 2017.



In this study, we evaluated the association of molecular subtypes, clinical characteristics and pathological types with the prognosis of patients with medulloblastoma.


We analyzed forty patients with medulloblastoma who underwent surgical resection at our center between January 2004 and June 2014. Risk factors associated with survival, disease progression and recurrence were analyzed with a univariate Cox regression analysis, and the identified significant risk factors were further analyzed by Kaplan-Meier survival curves.


Factors associated with overall survival included M stage (p=0.014), calcification (p=0.012), postoperative treatment, postoperative Karnofsky Performance Scale (KPS) score (p=0.015), and molecular subtype (p=0.005 for WNT and p=0.008 for SHH). Number of symptoms (p=0.029), M stage (p<0.001), and postoperative radiotherapy (p=0.033) were associated with disease progression. Patients with the WNT or SHH subtype had better survival outcomes than patients with non-WNT/SHH subtypes. Risk factors for disease progression-free survival were symptoms >2 and ≥M1 stage without postoperative radiotherapy. The risk of recurrence increased with advanced M stage. Protective factors for recurrence included M0 stage and a combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy.


We identified the risk factors associated with survival, disease progression and recurrence of medulloblastoma patients. This information is helpful for understanding the prognostic factors related to medulloblastoma.

Keywords: Child, Clinical Factors, Medulloblastoma, Molecular Phenotype, Overall Survival Time, Prognosis

Articles from Clinics are provided here courtesy of
Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo

2nd © Copyright 2007 - Revista Clinics - All rights reserved