Clinics (Sao Paulo). 2017 June; 72(6): 363-369.

Copyright © 2017 CLINICS

Combined aerobic and resistance training: are there additional benefits for older hypertensive adults?

Leandra G. Lima , José T.M. Bonardi , Giulliard O. Campos , Rodrigo F. Bertani , Luria M.L. Scher , Júlio C. Moriguti , Eduardo Ferriolli , Nereida K.C. Lima *

Departamento de Medicina Interna, Divisao de Clinica Medica Geral e Geriatria, Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirao Preto, Universidade de Sao Paulo, FMRP-USP, Ribeirao Preto, SP, BR

*Corresponding author. E-mail:

received January 25, 2017; revised March 12, 2017; accepted April 7, 2017.



The objective of this study was to compare the effects of a combination of aerobic and resistance training to those of isolated aerobic training on blood pressure, body composition, and insulin sensitivity in hypertensive older adults.


Forty-four patients were randomly assigned to the aerobic group, resistance and aerobic group, and control group. Before and after 10 weeks, the following data were obtained: 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure data, abdominal circumference, waist circumference, body mass index, lean mass, fat mass, and insulin sensitivity. The study was conducted with 3 training sessions per week.


Comparison revealed significant reductions in the body mass index, abdominal and waist circumferences, and ambulatory blood pressure (24-hour, wakefulness and sleep systolic/diastolic blood pressures) in both the aerobic group and the resistance and aerobic (combined) group. The fat mass only changed in the combined group. There was no difference in the insulin sensitivity in any group.


The combined treatment and aerobic treatment alone were equally effective in reducing the blood pressure, body mass index, and abdominal and waist circumferences, although the addition of the resistance component also helped reduce the fat mass.

Keywords: Aerobic Exercise, Isometric Exercise, Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring, Aged

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