CLINICS

Clinics (Sao Paulo). 2017 June; 72(6): 333-342.
doi:10.6061/clinics/2017(06)02

Copyright © 2017 CLINICS

Predictors of micro-costing components in liver transplantation

Luciana Bertocco de Paiva Haddad * , Liliana Ducatti , Luana Regina Baratelli Carelli Mendes , Wellington Andraus , Luiz Augusto Carneiro D’Albuquerque

Divisao de Transplante de Figado e Orgaos do Aparelho Digestivo, Departamento de Gastroenterologia, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, BR

*Corresponding author. E-mail: luciana.haddad@hc.fm.usp.br

received November 24, 2016; revised December 29, 2016; accepted February 14, 2017.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Although liver transplantation procedures are common and highly expensive, their cost structure is still poorly understood. This study aimed to develop models of micro-costs among patients undergoing liver transplantation procedures while comparing the role of individual clinical predictors using tree regression models.

METHODS:

We prospectively collected micro-cost data from patients undergoing liver transplantation in a tertiary academic center. Data collection was conducted using an Intranet registry integrated into the institution’s database for the storing of financial and clinical data for transplantation cases.

RESULTS:

A total of 278 patients were included and accounted for 300 procedures. When evaluating specific costs for the operating room, intensive care unit and ward, we found that in all of the sectors but the ward, human resources were responsible for the highest costs. High cost supplies were important drivers for the operating room, whereas drugs were among the top four drivers for all sectors. When evaluating the predictors of total cost, a MELD score greater than 30 was the most important predictor of high cost, followed by a Donor Risk Index greater than 1.8.

CONCLUSION:

By focusing on the highest cost drivers and predictors, hospitals can initiate programs to reduce cost while maintaining high quality care standards.

Keywords: Liver Transplantation, Healthcare Costs, Complications


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